Non-Pharmacologic Approaches to Clinical Conditions

The approaches below show evidence of promising or potential benefit and can be used as adjuncts or alternative non-pharmacological approaches. They should be delivered as part of a personalized health plan, connecting with the patient’s health and well-being goals and focusing on self-care strategies.

Download Table and Research Bibliography

Anxiety

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy
  • Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction
  • Meditation
  • Music Therapy
  • Yoga

Cardiovascular Disease

  • Meditation
  • Relaxation Therapies

Depression

  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
  • Acupuncture- potentially effective
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Massage Therapy – in oncologic patients
  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction
  • Yoga

Fall prevention

  • Tai Chi

Fibromyalgia

  • Acupuncture
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Exercise
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Mindfulness Meditation
  • Tai Chi
  • Myofascial Release

Hypertension

  • Biofeedback
  • Meditation
  • Tai Chi
  • Yoga

Insomnia

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Insomnia
  • Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • Clinical Hypnosis
  • Cognitive Behavior Therapy
  • Relaxation Exercises

Low Back Pain

  • Acupuncture
  • Exercise
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Massage Therapy
  • Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction
  • Spinal Manipulation
  • Tai Chi
  • Yoga

Migraine

  • Acupuncture
  • Biofeedback/EMG Biofeedback
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Relaxation Therapies
  • Spinal Manipulation (tension headache)

Nausea and Vomiting

  • Acupuncture

Obesity

  • Mindfulness/Meditation
  • Yoga

Pain / Post-operative Pain

  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Acupuncture (mod to strong evidence for knee pain, TMJ pain, neck pain)
  • Alexander Technique (neck pain)
  • Biofeedback
  • Clinical Hypnosis
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Exercise
  • Guided Imagery
  • Massage Therapy
  • Mindfulness/Meditation
  • Spinal Manipulation (neck pain)
  • Tai Chi
  • Dry Needling

PTSD

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Eye Movement & Desensitization Reprocessing Therapy
  • Mindfulness/Meditation
  • Yoga

Substance Use Disorder

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Mindfulness-based Relapse Prevention – effect on withdrawals/cravings

Tobacco Dependence

  • Acupuncture – possible positive effect
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Mindfulness

TOP